Many studies have confirmed that moderate consumption of wine significantly reduces mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Hippocrates knew for the beneficial effects of wine, who used it as an antiseptic, sedative, to improve the work of the digestive system and as part of daily diet.
Is red wine really good for you? We don’t know, but you can find out below.
The First Knowings About The Healing Properties Of Wine
The wine has a long and rich history of a thousand years. The first archaeological evidence of its existence comes 8000 years ago from Georgia and in Europe was first noted before 4500 years. Wine was often used and mentioned by ancient Greeks and Romans in religious and medicinal purposes, as well as in everyday social life. Its usage in medicine dates back to the time of Hippocrates, who used it as an antiseptic, sedative, to improve the work of the digestive system and as part of the everyday way of a healthy diet. French paradox for protective role of red wine while eating fatty and high calorie food comes from 1979, when the hypothesis for reduced occurrence of cardiovascular disease and mortality in France have took place, with continuous and moderate wine consumption. Four large studies conducted in countries with different populations, different lifestyles and habits (Denmark, California, Britain and France) once again confirmed the positive impact of moderate amounts of wine in reducing mortality from cardiovascular diseases.
In 1993 it’s proved that the existence of specific components in wine, polyphenols (resveratrol and procianidi) that act as antioxidants and inhibit oxidation of “bad” LDL cholesterol. A significant benefit is the already proven mechanism to constantly raise “good” HDL cholesterol in the blood as a result of increased synthesis in the liver. Wine reduces the percentage of myocardial infarction. There is a difference between French and German wine, where French wine has a better quality which leads to its greater production of nitric oxide (NO) due to the presence of polyphenols. They are important in reducing the process of atherosclerosis of the blood vessels.
Wine in small quantities, as relaxant leads to lower blood pressure in the first few hours. In healthy population red wine raises blood pressure by 2-3 mm Hg. In people with high blood pressure, the influence of the wine raises blood pressure higher and thus need higher doses of treatment for high blood pressure. Wine acts inhibitory of carcinogenic mechanisms of the cell and reduces the risk of cancer.Daily consumption of red wine in moderation has a protective role in the body. It’s called J-shaped effect of red wine in moderation, as opposed to abstinence and alcohol abuse.
Allowed Quantities Of Wine
The permissible amount may vary depending on gender, age, genetic factors, weight, eating different foods and the use of drugs. The female body has a tendency for faster absorption of alcohol because it contains small amounts of water in the organism and lower levels of stomach enzymes. Therefore moderate amount of men and women of the same age and with the same weight is not equal. Recommendations for “moderate consumption” is 1-2 cups per day for women and 2-4 glasses per day for men. This recommendation does not justify drinking 12 glasses of wine per week in the afternoon. Consumption of red wine is recommended during the meal which reduces fat resorption, as well as lesser impact on blood pressure. Abuse of alcohol detrimental affect multiple organs and can lead to high blood pressure, blood disorders, liver damage, cancerous changes, infertility, brain damage, often dementia, psoriasis, stroke, muscle atrophy, and during pregnancy may cause mental retardation of the fetus. Alcohol for patients with certain rheumatic diseases is not recommended because of its effect in increasing uric acid in the blood. It’s interactive effect with certain medications such as nitroglycerin, anxiolytics, neuroleptics and contraceptives must be noted.
Red Or White Wine
Red wine has a more protective role of white wine and beer. However, so far has not been made many long-term studies that are reliably confirming or denying the benefits of red wine compared to other type of alcohol. The advantage of the consumer of wine is the better lifestyle by using the most easy and healthy foods (fruits, vegetables, fibrates), the lowest percentage of smokers and improve socio-economic conditions. In France was observed lower mortality rate to 50% in areas where the usage of red wine is more frequent compared with other parts of the country were white wine is more consumed. It is due to smaller amounts of resveratrol contained in white wine. Epidemiological findings from North America argue that there is no important difference between red and white wine, which can be explained by different nutrition in Europe and in America and a greater representation of food in terms of alcohol at meals in the US population.
Epidemiological studies have confirmed the benefits of consuming moderate amounts of red wine for the prevention and reduction of cardiovascular disease. Because of these facts, red wine should be given preference because it contains all the specific components (polyphenols) molecular mechanisms responsible for the anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and antilipemic effect.