Jaundice occurs as a consequence of increased levels of bilirubin in the blood, which is manifested by yellowing of the sclera, skin and mucous membranes. It can be a pre-systemic jaundice (hemolysis in the blood), hepatocellular (in hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcoholic liver disease), obstructive (biliary obstruction of metastases gallstones) and neonatal hepatitis (hepatitis in newborns).Read the post below and learn how to protect yourself from Jaundice.Hepatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the liver cells.
There are several reasons that lead to hepatitis as excessive use of alcohol, trauma, taking certain medications and certain autoimmune disorders, but often occurs as a result of viral infection.
Viral hepatitis in most cases is caused by hepatotropic viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F, G) and rarely by other viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis) or varicella (chickenpox).
A is the most common form of acute viral inflammation of the liver. Officially the world registered about 1.5 million cases a year, although it is considered that prevalence rate of infection is 10 times higher. This disease is closely associated with poor socio-economic conditions and production is mainly in low developed countries or developing countries.
Hepatitis A has a seasonal character and usually occurs in autumn-winter period and the time of incubation is usually 14 to 28 days.How it spreads?
The virus in the body is usually entered by:
- Consumption of food prepared by an infected person who does not practice to do hand washing after visiting the toilet.
- Close contact with an infected person (even if no symptoms).
- Drinking contaminated water.
- Sexual contact with an infected person (especially homosexuals).
- The virus can not be transmitted through coughing, sneezing or staying in the same room with an infected person (if there is no close contact).
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Typical symptoms and signs of hepatitis A:
- Low Fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
- especially in the upper right portion (that is the position of the liver)
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle pain
- Dark coloration of urine
- Yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin
The disease usually lasts about 1 to 2 months and in rare cases can persist for up to 6 months. Certain persons that have HAV infection may not exhibit any symptoms.
- In most cases the disease goes without complications, but rarely can occur: Return of infection. About 15% of infected persons have a relapse or disease returns again with the same symptoms. Relapse often occurs 1 to 4 months after the occurrence of the primary symptoms.
- Cholestasis – preventing the normal flow of bile. Fulminant hepatitis with acute liver failure. Unlike other hepatic viruses, HAV with this complication is very rare. Besides nausea and vomiting, it is manifested by tendency to bleeding, swelling of the legs, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy can lead to death.
In order to protect yourself from hepatitis A virus, observe the following tips:
- Maintain personal hygiene.
- Always wash your hands with soap and warm water after using the toilet, changing diapers and before cooking, serving and consumption of food.
- Cook food on 85 ° C. In this way, HAV is inactivated, thereby protecting the transmission of infection unless the contamination food does not occur after the heating.Before eating fruits and vegetables peel and wash well.
- Do not share a toothbrush, towel, cutlery and other personal items.
- If you doubt the quality of the water we drink, boil it first.Avoid consumption of raw fish and meat.
- Use protection during sex.